Mononucleosis or Mono is one of the familiar human diseases in the world. It is caused by a virus named Epstein – Barr virus (EBV). This virus commonly spreads through saliva by sharing drinks and food, coughing, sneezing, etc. Blood transformations and organ transplantations can also cause this virus. It does not acquire any special treatment even most people can improve themselves without treatment. The MONOSPOT test detects if the patient has a mono-infection. Mononucleosis testing is also called heterophile antibody testing, which is performed with the blood sample. The mono test produces both false-positive and false-negative results that show Mono Rapid Test Accuracy.
No special arrangements are required before the test. There is no restriction on eating before or after the test. Your healthcare professional may ask if you are proceeding with any medications or drugs. Because if you are taking any medications or drugs, it will affect the results of the test. After that, your health care provider will take a blood sample. There are two ways to obtain a blood sample. Both methods are usually quick but, it can take a long time if the specialist faces difficulties to find your vein.
With a small needle, your healthcare provider will prick your finger. After the blood starts flowing, they collect the blood in a small tube (called a pipette) or test strip. The procedure can take up to five minutes.
It involves several steps. To collect blood from the vein, your healthcare provider will use a small needle. First, your healthcare professional will tie an elastic band into your arm to swollen the veins with blood. Then, they will cleanse the area with disinfectant. After that, they will insert the needle in your vein to collect blood samples into a test tube. They will then remove the needle from your vein and untie the elastic band when sufficient blood is collected. You may perceive little hurt when the needle goes in or out. This process takes 5 to 10 minutes. After the blood has been taken: pressure or bandage will be applied to the area to stop bleeding.
The objective of the mono blood test high is to examine heterophile antibodies in the blood. In this test, the blood sample assorted with other materials is placed on the microscopic slide to indicate the mono-infection is present or not. If the blood sticks together, it means the infection is present. Rather than EBV, other viruses can also cause mononucleosis. It can diagnose based on the symptoms. They can be mild or severe. The symptoms are shortness of breath, swollen tonsils, enlarged liver, headache, weakness, numbness, extreme fatigue, loss of appetite, muscle aches, fever, and sore throat. However, the cost of mono testing depends on various factors such as: where the test is performed and the patient’s health insurance coverage. It may also include additional testing and office visit charges.
Mono rapid test functions effectively in determining the presence of heterophile antibodies. You have infectious mononucleosis if your blood test result appears positive. But, if you are experiencing symptoms and your blood test result shows negative, it may mean your symptoms are caused by another infection. Research has shown that the mono test can produce both false-positive and false-negative results. If the outcome appears false-negative, it means you are currently facing no mono. If the result shows false-positive, it means you are presently facing mononucleosis. It is not compulsory that the result appears positive if you only have infectious mononucleosis. It can be due to other infections like lymphoma, hepatitis, rubella, toxoplasmosis, and Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
The side effects of taking a blood test are minimal but, some possible side effects include:
- Discomfort from the needle
- Infection (in rare cases)
- Redness and swelling
- Lightheaded or faint (if you are afraid of having blood taken)
Talk with your healthcare provider if you are experiencing side effects after testing.
Although, there is no specific cure for mono. You can relieve symptoms with several steps. These include:
- Mono can make you significantly tired. So, it is better to take plenty of rest that can help fight the infection.
- Eat fiber-rich foods (like green vegetables, fruits, and brown rice) to help the immune system and drink lots of fluids to prevent dehydration.
- Gargle with semi-hot water and salt several times a day.
- If you are experiencing pain or muscle aches, use pain killers.
- Avoid physical activities and things like cold drinks and fried foods.
If your symptoms are getting worse, talk with your healthcare professional or find an emergency room near you.
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