In this article, Dr Sandeep Nayak one of the Best Oncologists in Bangalore talks about “What does an Oncologist do and what are the treatments for Cancer?”
Oncologists are medical professionals that specialise in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. They frequently serve as the primary healthcare provider for cancer patients, developing treatment plans, providing supportive care, and, in some cases, coordinating therapy with other cancer specialists and other healthcare professionals.
What is the role of an oncologist?
Oncology is the study of cancer and its treatment. Oncologists are specialists in the management and treatment of cancer patients throughout the course of the disease, which includes the following procedures:
- Obtaining confirmation of a patient’s original diagnosis
- Providing an explanation of the cancer diagnosis and stage
- Providing all feasible therapy options and making recommendations is essential.
- Keeping track of the treatment’s progress
- Assisting patients in managing the symptoms and side effects of their disease as well as the treatment regimen
Their work, on the other hand, is not limited to cancer treatment. Many oncologists are also board-certified in haematology, which allows them to treat patients with a variety of blood disorders, including:
Anaemia is a condition that occurs when there is a deficiency of red blood cells in the body.
Inherited blood ailment Sickle cell disease can cause circulatory problems. When blood clots clog blood vessels, thrombosis can manifest itself in a variety of forms.
Oncologists are often trained in a specific area of cancer treatment, and they frequently enlarge a patient’s treatment team to include the most appropriate experts for the patient’s specific treatment plan opines Dr Sandeep Nayak a leading Oncologist in Bangalore.
Types of Oncologists:
Medical oncologists are cancer specialists who use chemotherapy or immunotherapy to treat their patients. Surgical oncologists are doctors that specialise in the removal of tumours through surgery.
Radiation oncologists are cancer specialists who use radiation therapy to treat their patients. Other oncology specialists are focused on treating cancer in specific regions of the body, such as the lungs or the liver.
For example, gynecologic oncologists specialise in the treatment of uterine, ovarian, and cervical cancers, whereas haematologists-oncologists specialise in the treatment of blood cancers.
There are also paediatric oncologists, who are doctors that specialise in cancers that commonly affect children and adolescents.
Reasons for Consulting with an Oncologist
Bangalore based Sandeep Nayak a premium Oncologist says that Your primary care physician or family doctor may refer you to an oncologist if they seek the opinion of an expert in a certain field or if they are unable to determine whether you have cancer or not.
With this approach, the goal is to narrow down and eliminate potential causes of an issue in order to provide you with the best course of therapy available.
Your doctor may send you to an oncologist if you have any of the following symptoms:
Examine a lump or growth that seems unusual
When a malignant tumour is discovered, doctors’ offices are not typically competent to diagnose it, and they will refer you to an oncologist for further tests.
Although the majority of suspected tumours are benign or innocuous, this recommendation is beneficial to the doctor since it allows him or her to:
Obtaining a negative test result will provide you with peace of mind.
Cancer should be ruled out as a possible cause of any symptoms you’re experiencing.
Recognize and treat a potentially malignant or hazardous tumour when it is still in its early stages when treatment choices are most effective.
Assist in providing the best possible treatment if you receive a positive test result
Assist in the Treatment of Cancer
After receiving a cancer diagnosis that has been verified, you will be referred to an oncologist who will assess your case on an individual basis, explain all of your treatment choices, and make a recommendation to you.
This strategy could include the following elements, depending on the malignancy, its stage, and any probable health complications:
Radiation to decrease the growth of a tumour without causing damage to healthy tissue
Surgery to physically remove a tumour is performed when necessary
Using targeted therapy, you can keep a tumour from spreading to other parts of your body
Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment that involves the destruction of malignant cells
What to Expect When You Visit an Oncologist
A consultation with an oncologist is the initial step in the cancer treatment process. Last but not least, your physician’s purpose is to determine whether or not cancer is present and where it is located, establish an accurate diagnosis, and offer you the greatest resources possible to overcome your disease.
This initial consultation will include a complete physical examination by the oncologist, as well as an opportunity for him or her to learn more about your medical and family histories.
Make sure to bring all of your available medical records with you, as well as a list of any medications or supplements you are currently using.
In addition, the oncologist will analyse any scans and tests you’ve already had and, if required, will order additional tests to be performed.
It is customary for the oncologist to begin by testing your blood, urine, and other bodily fluids for high or low amounts of particular compounds that could indicate the presence of cancer or blood diseases.
They may also perform visual imaging examinations, such as CT scans, MRIs, PET scans, and ultrasound exams, among other things.
If cancer is detected, oncologists will most likely need to perform a biopsy in order to validate the results of the tests notes Dr Sandeep Nayak a leading Oncologist who hails from Bangalore.
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