The number of cars per capita is growing every year, and the number of accidents is also increasing. The injury received in an accident has its own specifics. These can be fractures or burns resulting in severe pain and shock or bleeding. And it practically does not matter what class of car you drive, since every road customer is at risk.
For example, you want to pick up a luxury car rental Charlotte NC for your road trip. With a luxury car rental you get the maximum driving pleasure. However, you don’t have any safety guarantees if you rent a luxury car.
Yes, many believe that the car’s body and safety systems should save a person even in the most severe accident. Unfortunately, this is not so. A road accident often leads to legs clamped between the pedals, fractured ribs, and head injuries.
What injuries do drivers most often get, and is it possible to avoid them? Keep reading to learn how to protect your health…
Head injuries, including concussions and bruises
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the most common thing that happens in an accident. Due to inertia during sudden braking, the body of the driver and passengers continues to move forward. Since the head doesn’t have any fixation, it moves forward sharply, where it hits the windshield, seat headrests, or steering wheel. Such an injury is especially dangerous for those who ignore seat belts and don’t fasten them when the car is moving.
Also, it’s possible to have a concussion with malaise, headaches, and nausea after an accident due to airbags deployed. When hitting the head, soft tissues, the bones of the skull, and the brain itself can suffer. These injuries are usually severe and require inpatient and sometimes resuscitative surgical treatment.
What to do to avoid severe head injuries? Always fasten your seat belt and don’t speed.
Fractures of various localizations
Hard braking can cause cervical spine fractures and dislocations. Often these are the consequences of a whiplash injury – a sharp bending, followed by a tilting of the head, which occurs by inertia. Such a fracture is possible in various collisions, even if the speed was low. You can prevent this injury by sitting properly behind the wheel with your back straight and pressed into the driver’s seat.
Clavicle and rib fractures occur due to hitting the steering wheel or seat belts. And although the belt saves a person from more serious injuries, with strong blows it presses on the ribs or clavicle, which leads to fractures.
Body injuries, including wounds and bruises
When a vehicle rolls over or overturns, people suffer a variety of injuries, ranging from bruises to multiple fractures, blunt abdominal trauma and wounds. Such injuries cause severe pain that occurs throughout the body, but in a state of shock, the victim may not feel it at first.
The pain can be so severe from multiple injuries that it leads to shock, loss of consciousness, and even death. Therefore, ambulance doctors perform active anesthesia both at first-aid stage and during the transportation to the hospital.
If these are minor injuries, such as dislocations or closed fractures, you must first immobilize a dislocated joint to reduce pain and prevent additional damage.
Facial and limb injuries, including cuts and burns
Broken glass and sharp edges of twisted metal can cause minor facial cuts. Damage to the eyes or large arteries is especially dangerous, as this leads to life-threatening bleeding. Also, you can get burned by various automotive fluids (antifreeze, electrolyte), or by flames resulting from the fuel ignition. Usually burns are not severe, except for those that occur as a result of a fire in the interior around the victim.
In any case, the burn gives severe pain and additional trauma. And if the car explodes, then the burn can even cause death. You can avoid burns and related injuries if you try to get out of the car as quickly as possible.
Abdominal trauma and internal bleeding
Blunt abdominal trauma is the most life-threatening, as it most often causes a liver or spleen rupture as a result of hitting the steering wheel or dashboard. Such an injury causes internal bleeding, which without emergency surgery and blood transfusion leads to death in a short time.
Injury to the kidneys with rupture of the renal artery, renal separation, and damage to the bowel is also possible. The bleeding that accompanies them is no less strong and threatens with death even in the absence of external damage.
Broken limbs, bleeding, and open wounds
Fractures of the lower limbs are the most common in accidents. Such fractures are often combined – they can be open, closed, with rupture of large vessels, and severe bleeding. If bleeding occurs, it must be stopped immediately by applying a tourniquet. At the same time, the bones need to be fixed so as not to cause more damage.
If injuring the femoral artery, the bleeding is so severe that it can lead to death in a few minutes. Such victims need immediate help from doctors and surgeons to save lives and maintain the ability to walk.
Well, injuries sustained in car accidents can be severe, and even fatal. Therefore, take all possible measures to prevent them – fasten your seat belts, follow the traffic regulations, and don’t exceed the speed limit. And if an accident does happen, give first aid and immediately call an ambulance if you can.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions, and data contained in these publications are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of Credihealth and the editor(s).
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